Familiarizing With Your Options: Fertility Treatments

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10:33 am February 22, 2012

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Before you and your partner decide from among a variety of fertility treatments, there are various factors to consider. First of all, most treatments for infertility are not inexpensive. Expect to shell out several thousand dollars for these procedures if you really want to conceive. Besides that, fertility treatments are not covered by insurance, although a few states mandate that diagnosis be covered. Second of all, not all fertility treatments have exceptionally high success rates. The occurrence of pregnancy still relies largely on the circumstances of the couples and the expertise of their fertility specialist.

That said, you might want to consider the various fertility treatments available for all couples who wish to have a baby but are having a difficult time.

1.    Lifestyle Changes. Small changes to your everyday habits can dramatically affect your ability to conceive a baby. The intake of harmful substances such as alcohol, nicotine, and drugs largely diminishes the ability of men and women to produce healthy sperm and egg cells for fertilization. Cutting down on these habits or eliminating them entirely and accompanying it with a healthier diet and a more regular exercise regimenvastly improves your chances of getting pregnant.

2.    Fertility Drugs. If natural fertility treatments don’t work well, your doctor may prescribe a number of medicines that help stimulate the production of mature egg cells. An example of this is clomiphene (Popular brand names are Clomid and Serophene), which is a safe and effective way of causing hyperovulation. For women who have PCOS (polycycstic ovarian syndrome), a condition that is linked to insulin resistance, a drug known as metformin is used to lower blood sugar levels and the amount of androgens that mess up your reproductive cycle.

3.    Artificial Insemination. The pioneer of all assisted-reproductive technology (ART) fertility treatments is artificial insemination. If your partner has a low sperm count or poor sperm motility, you are asked to take fertility drugs to make sure you release an egg cell for the month. At the time of your ovulation, your partner will produce a sperm sample, which is “washed,” a process of placing the hardiest sperm cells in a fluid. This is then inserted into your uterus directly through catheter. You can take a pregnancy test two weeks after.

4.    In Vitro Fertilization. Many couples are now considering high-tech fertility treatments, the most common of which is in vitro fertilization. Here, egg cells that are extracted from you are combined with sperm cells from your partner in a laboratory petri dish. If the sex cells combine, fertilization occurs and an embryo is developed. The embryo is then placed back in your uterus in the hopes that it will develop into a baby. The success rate for in vitro fertilization varies from clinic to clinic, but you can always opt for a second or third session provided there are still some egg cells frozen over from the first. There is a huge chance for multiple births if in vitro is used, usually one out of four pregnancies, because more than one egg cell is placed inside the uterus for better chances of conceiving.

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