Fertility

Having a child is said to be one of the biggest and most unexplainable joys in life.  It is the natural fruit of a man and a woman’s love for one another. It is a pity then when fertility problems arise within a couple who are trying to make a baby. Infertility is described as the natural inability of a person to conceive a child. It may also refer to a woman’s inability to carry a pregnancy up to its full term. Whether it is the male or the female who is suffering from fertility problems, the effect is equally devastating to both.

This section will pinpoint the different types of infertility and that possible ways that they may be treated:

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). This condition is caused by a hormonal imbalance, which leads to irregular ovulation in a woman. A woman with PCOS may have a sporadic or even a completely non-existent ovulation making it extremely difficult to get pregnant. The number one treatment for PCOS is maintaining a healthy weight. By losing weight, your bodily functions will revert to normal, resulting in regular menses and ovulation, making it easier for your body to conceive. While there are drugs available to treat this condition, losing weight is still the best treatment. Start cutting back on simple sugars, increase your lean proteins and fiber and begin a regular exercise routine.

Sperm allergy. Although rare, this is a condition that may affect either or both man and woman who are trying to conceive. Suggested treatments include desensitization which involves exposing the patient to increasing amounts of sperm over a period of time. This raises the patient’s tolerance level to the sperm until the allergy is completely annihilated. If desensitization does not work on females, artificial insemination procedures are suggested to help get the woman pregnant. Antihistamines are also recommended to treat the symptoms, which involve red and itchy skin.

Thyroid problems. These are not strictly classified as a fertility problem however; having either an overactive or underactive thyroid may directly implicate the chances of pregnancy. To treat a thyroid problem, you may be asked to undergo radioactive iodide treatment. It consists of swallowing a pill, which contains large amounts of radioactive iodide thereby destroying the body’s ability to produce hormones. You may also be asked to take antithyroid medication, which usually comes in the form of a pill. Surgery is recommended for patients whose thyroid problems are caused by toxic adenomas, which are known to be resistant to antithyroid medication.

Hormonal imbalance. This is an allergic reaction of a woman’s body to the regular monthly production of the hormones estrogen and progesterone. The amount of hormones released by the body is greatly dependent on factors such as stress, environment and diet and of course, ovulation. The type of imbalance and the infertility condition arising from it will determine what kind of treatment to take. For example, as a result of the imbalance, you have an irregularity in cervical mucus. The best treatment to this would be an estrogen cream. If it is PCOS, you will be asked to take a drug such as clomiphene and be put on a high fiber, low fat diet.