TOP 4 Fertility Problems

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8:13 am September 26, 2011

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More than 7.3 million women in the United States have fertility problems of their own. Each of these women have different issues that they have to face and need to be given due attention by an infertility specialist. There are also various treatments that can be given to these fertility problems, but before you start your own treatment method, you have to be aware of the various fertility issues first.

1. Ovulatory Disorders

At least 30 percent of all fertility problems in women are due to their failure to ovulate. Around 70 percent of these cases, however, can be reversed by the intake of fertility drugs that stimulate ovulation. There are various causes of ovulatory disorders, the most common of which are hormonal imbalances that are due to problems with the hypothalamus and the pituitary glands. Chemical imbalances or a physical injury can prevent these glands from secreting the proper amounts of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) which prevent the growth and release of a mature egg. Fertility problems can also be caused by invasive surgeries that have damaged the ovaries or premature menopause, which has yet to be fully understood.

2. Tubal Disorders

Adhesions or blockages within the fallopian tubes account for one-fourth of all fertility problems in women. Most treatment methods involve surgery, but with the advent of lasers and microsurgery, treatments for fallopian tube disorders have become less invasive. Sexually transmitted diseases can easily cause inflammation and scarring in the tubes. A common example of this is hydrosalpnix, where both ends of the tubes are completely obstructed by fluid. Other tubal disorders may be caused by appendicitis or colitis, abdominal problems that can lead to fertility problems if they are not treated properly.

3. Endometriosis

Almost one-third of all fertility problems are caused by endometriosis, a condition wherein the cells that are normally found in the lining of the uterus (endometrium) are found in other parts of the reproductive system. These abnormal growths are sometimes found on the fallopian tubes, blocking the passage of the mature egg cell, or on the ovaries themselves, preventing the production and release of an egg cell itself. There are no cures for endometriosis discovered yet, but not all women who have endometriosis have zero chances of conceiving. However, the chances are slim, 12 to 30 percent less than the chances of the woman who has a normal uterine lining.

4. Lifestyle Habits

Improper diet and poor exercise are factors that can cause fertility problems. Many cases of infertility go unexplained, but doctors have found out that after prescribing lifestyle changes, especially in diet and exercise, that couples become successful at getting pregnant.

The problem of weight also comes into play, as researchers have discovered that women who are either overweight or underweight have less chance of conceiving than woman who are within the normal weight range, that is, a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 20 to 25. Alcohol, smoking, and drug abuse also cause difficulties in conceiving, as these affect egg quality in women and sperm count in men.

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